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Public Listing of Dentists in St. Louis, Missouri and Saint Louis County including the Metropolitan Area
According to the American Dental Association, about 20% of all dentists practice a dental specialty, while the rest remain general dentists. Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics and oral and maxillofacial surgery make up nearly half of all specialties.
Dental public health specialists view the community, rather than the individual, as their patient. Their roles are to educate the public, using applied dental research, and initiate community-wide dental care and preventive programs.
Endodontics encompasses basic and clinical sciences of normal pulp biology and the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries to the pulp and associated periradicular conditions. Endodontists specialize in root canal treatments to remove damaged tissue from inside tooth root canals. Root canal treatment, a nonsurgical endodontic treatment, treats the soft inner tissue of the tooth, called the pulp, when it becomes inflamed or infected. During a root canal, endodontists remove the damaged pulp, clean the area and fill and seal it to preserve the tooth. Surgical procedures performed by endodontists include apicoectomy, which removes infection or inflammation of the bony area surrounding the tooth's end.
Oral and maxillofacial pathologists research the causes, processes, and effects of diseases that affect the oral and maxillofacial regions, which include the head, face, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws, and neck. These specialists use clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, and other examinations to research and diagnose disease. The practice of oral and maxillofacial pathology includes research; clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical or other disease diagnosis; and patient management.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons treat patients who have problems with wisdom teeth, facial pain> and misaligned jaws. They treat accident victims with facial injuries, perform reconstructive and dental implant surgery, offer treatments for tumors and cysts of the jaws, and specialize in functional and cosmetic conditions of the head, face, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws, and neck. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons also offer preventive care of the teeth, mouth, jaws, and facial structures.
These specialists offer a wide variety of surgical procedures performed in the office and hospital, including dentoalveolar surgery to treat impacted teeth and reconstructive surgery to address inadequate bone structure of the upper or lower jaws, which can result from injury, some types of surgery, and dentures. They place dental implants, which are an option for replacing missing teeth, and treat facial infections, which can develop into life-threatening conditions if not addressed. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are often called in to treat trauma of the face, jaws, mouth, and teeth, often from injuries such as falls, as well as facial pain from such things as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. Other conditions treated by oral and maxillofacial surgeons include deformities in skeletal growth between the upper and lower jaws, which can affect chewing and swallowing, and snoring or obstructive sleep apnea, a condition that can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness. Not all procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons are covered by dental or health insurance because they also offer some cosmetic procedures of the face, mouth, and neck.
Orthodontists and dentofacial orthopedic specialists specialize in diagnosing, preventing, and treating dental and facial irregularities, known as malocclusions. Orthodontists represent about 6% of all dentists. Orthodontists treat children and adults. The American Association of Orthodontists recommend that all children have an orthodontic screening no later than age seven.
Malocclusions are often inherited but can be caused by trauma, pacifier sucking, airway obstruction, dental disease, or premature loss of primary or permanent teeth. Orthodontists most commonly treat crowding of the teeth, overbites, open bites (when upper and lower incisor teeth do not touch when biting down), spacing problems, crossbite and underbites, or lower jaw protrusion. Orthodontic treatment, often involving the placement of braces, helps not only cosmetically, but also functionally.
Pediatric dentists provide primary and specialty oral care for healthy, normal children, as well as those with special needs.